What Is Biocentrism In Environmental Ethics?

Understanding the term Biocentrism in Environmental Ethics

People are becoming more aware of the lives around them as well as the claim that we need to protect the environment and nature. Did you know that Biocentrism comes from the Greek word, ‘βίος bios’, Which means ‘life’, and ‘κέντρον kentron’, which means ‘center’? 

Today, we will share with you the meaning of Biocentrism, give you some examples and give you a better understanding of this term and how it affects us as human beings.  

What Is Biocentrism?

According to Eolss, Biocentrism refers to all environmental ethics that extend the status of a moral object from human beings to all other living things in nature. 

In other words, biocentrism emphasizes the value and rights of living individuals. It is the belief that moral priority should be given to the survival of all living beings on earth. This includes animal rights and environmental protection. 

All life deserves equal consideration and equal moral standings. No life is worth more than another life no matter how big or small the being might be. 

What Is An Example Of Biocentrism?

One of the biggest biocentric arguments that we experience is the fact that many humans consider it acceptable to take the life of another animal for their own sustenance. 

A lot of people believe that it is acceptable to eat animals to sustain their own life and other people argue that it is not ethically right to take the life of an animal because we would consider it wrong to take the life of a human being for the same reason. 

Another argument is euthanizing an animal to put it out of its misery. Others would say that it is not accessible to euthanize a human being to take them out of their misery when they are in pain or ill. The question is then asked, why is it okay to take the life of an animal to end suffering and not socially acceptable to do the same for a human being? 

What Are The Biocentrism Main Claims?

One of the main claims is that Biocentric ethics argue that looking after the morals and well-being of all living beings is non-arbitrary in the sense that we need to assign moral standings for life itself. This means that it extends the practice of moral standings about as far as it can go. 

All living beings, simply by being alive, have moral standings and deserve moral consideration. Since humans are the only beings on the earth that can understand and practice morals, it is our duty to ensure that all living beings are treated with the same respect. 


Biocentrism is the ethical belief that all organisms are centers of life in the sense that each individual is pursuing a unique path for their own good in its own way. Every life is equal and we should treat all living organisms with the same respect. 

To learn more about Environmental Ethics, feel free to read on.

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